Andrew P. Guth
Curbing Corruption: A Case Study and Examination of the Philippines’ Anticorruption Institutions and Corrupt Exchanges
Abstract: Using the Philippines as a case study, this dissertation provides guidance on how corruption should be examined in societies. Typically, research examines political institutions to find strengths and weaknesses or cultural aspects to understand the why. By researching the institutions and culture together, this dissertation goes beyond the typical suggestions of ‘increased transparency, accountability, and political will’ and examines explicitly how to strengthen community support and political will within a society in order curb corruption.
“Grease” Payments in the Relations Between Regulatory Agencies and Individual Entrepreneurs: The Case of Russia
Abstract: The research explores why the frequency of “grease” payments remains high in the relations between regulatory agencies and individual entrepreneurs despite the recent deregulation reform in Russia. The examination of Russian individual entrepreneurs’ attitudes toward “grease” payments is linked to earlier institutional debates concerning deregulation reforms as the key method to overcome this problem. The research project is designed to explore complementary anti-corruption methods, with a special focus on the role of self-regulatory organizations and collective action by individual entrepreneurs in anti-corruption efforts.
New Armed Groups in Colombia: The Emergence of the Bacrim in the 21st Century
Abstract: In the midst of paramilitary demobilization in Colombia in 2005, reports of new non-state groups operating in the country emerged. These groups, now commonly known as bacrim or bandas criminales (simply “criminal bands”), began filling the void left by the demobilized paramilitaries. Since those initial accounts however, a disagreement has emerged among researchers and the Colombian government as to whether these groups are truly criminal gangs, drug traffickers, third generation paramilitaries or an entirely new type of organized criminal group. This dissertation will examine the emergence of the bacrim in the context of the on-going conflict in Colombia.
PhD student from Colombia. His research is focused on land markets in armed conflict contexts where high criminality and corruption intersect with land administration and rural development. Other research interests include property rights and economic development, property seizure and restitution and, post-conflict state building.
Mr. Pardo is also serving as Graduate Assistant for TraCCC director, Dr. Louise Shelley, and assisting on her new book discussing the effects of crime and corruption on sustainability.