Poaching and Organized Crime in Russia

Posted: April 10, 2013 at 5:00 pm, Last Updated: April 11, 2013 at 5:03 pm

by Aaron Beitman A recent story in the New York Times described how African elephants may soon face extinction as poachers hunt them down with automatic weapons, GPS tracking devices, and Land Rovers.  Seeking to satisfy seemingly insatiable Chinese demand for ivory, poachers attack elephant herds with murderous viciousness, hacking out ivory tusks from mortally […]

Finding Method in Madness: Understanding Urban Violence

Posted: March 27, 2013 at 2:22 pm, Last Updated: April 11, 2013 at 9:26 pm

by Nazia Hussain It has taken the life of Parveen Rehman, director of the Karachi-based NGO, the Orangi Pilot Project (OPP), to demonstrate to policy makers that urban violence in Karachi is more than a law and order problem that can be addressed by effective policing or rigorous punishments to wrongdoers. Violence in Karachi for […]

The Legal System, Corporate Raiding, and Organized Crime in Russia

Posted: March 26, 2013 at 3:20 pm, Last Updated: April 11, 2013 at 5:05 pm

by Aaron Beitman Like any rational economic actor, organized crime groups seek to maximize utility, namely profits.  That said, the costs that organized crime groups are prepared to face in the process of obtaining profits are quite different than those of an ordinary firm.  Costs might include committing murder or assault, facing death, lengthy prison […]

Illegal Logging and Organized Crime in Russia

Posted: March 14, 2013 at 6:09 pm, Last Updated: May 28, 2013 at 6:34 pm

By Aaron Beitman For a country so rich in natural resources, crimes against the environment pose significant problems for Russia.  In addition to economic repercussions, blows struck against the long-term viability of natural resources have implications for the health and security of Russian citizens.  As suggested in a recent news story, monetary rewards for crimes […]

U.S. Negotiations and Interest in the Trans-Pacific Partnership: The Licit and Illicit Economies

Posted: January 17, 2013 at 3:46 pm, Last Updated: April 11, 2013 at 5:06 pm

By Andrew Guth Introduction: The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is the latest version in a long list of regional free trade negotiations, the purpose of which is to encourage economic integration (Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Trade (MFAT), 2005, p. 5).  This paper examines the possible effects of a successful TPP negotiation on both the licit and illicit economies in two sections.  First, it […]

The Challenge of Corporate Raiding in Russia

Posted: January 3, 2013 at 5:57 pm, Last Updated: April 11, 2013 at 5:07 pm

by Aaron Beitman In a previous post examining the connection between property rights and criminal law, it was noted how the problem of insecure property rights in Russia is exacerbated by unequal treatment of crimes against property in the country’s criminal code.  As a result, there is a high level of uncertainty for many entrepreneurs […]

Property Rights and Criminal Law in Russia

Posted: November 28, 2012 at 4:11 pm, Last Updated: November 28, 2012 at 4:18 pm

by Aaron Beitman Russia’s “cowboy” capitalist phase in the 1990s saw the growth of organized crime amidst rapid privatization of state property and a massive retreat of the state from its formerly commanding place in society.  With these processes in mind, Dr. Louise Shelley notes that the emergence of large-scale private property in the 1990s […]

Philippine’s Framework Peace Agreement

Posted: November 12, 2012 at 3:47 pm, Last Updated: November 12, 2012 at 3:56 pm

by Andrew Guth Introduction: Forty years of conflict that killed 120,000 people in the southern Philippines is hopefully coming to an end with a framework peace agreement between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) (Big News Network, 2012).  This paper examines the framework agreement, the challenges still to come, and the […]

India’s Anticorruption Public Service Guarantee Acts

Posted: November 7, 2012 at 7:47 pm, Last Updated: November 12, 2012 at 3:50 pm

Author: Andy Guth, PhD Candidate, George Mason University, School of Public Policy In October 2010, the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh established the first Public Service Guarantee Act in the country.  The Act was aimed at reducing bureaucratic corruption by establishing time limits in which bureaucrats must complete a citizen’s application.  If the bureaucrat does […]

Addressing Common Challenges Together- Paradigm of Shared Security for Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan

Posted: November 5, 2012 at 6:33 pm, Last Updated: April 11, 2013 at 5:01 pm

Author: Nazia Hussain, PhD Candidate, George Mason University, School of Public Policy In Nimruz, the remotest province of Afghanistan, Uzbeks, Hazaras, Pashtuns, and Baluchi migrants come from all over the country to cross into Iran. Some have humble dreams of becoming wage laborers in Iran; others dream big to go to Europe and Greece. However, […]