Archived Events 2004 – 2013
15 November, 2013: George Mason University’s School of Public Policy hosted a discussion called Pay Attention to the South Caucasus. Ambassadors (ret.) Richard Kauzlarich and Kenneth Yalowitz, together with Ambassador (ret.) John Evans, met at Mason to discuss how developments in the region and globally have affected these three countries.
14 November, 2013 TraCCC affiliate scholar Professor Desmond Arias gave a guest lecture entitled Armed Actors and Governance in Latin America and The Caribbean. (See event flyer)
8 November, 2013 TraCCC hosted a guest lecture and book launch event to celebrate the publication of Environmental Crime and Corruption in Russia: Federal and Regional Perspectives with Routledge. Editors Sally Stoecker and Ramziya Shakirova discussed this new collection of TraCCC-sponsored research, which deals with such issues as radioactive pollutants, illegal logging, wildlife poaching and toxic waste, as well as the roles of organized crime groups and the Russian government in environmental devastation. (See event flyer)
11 October, 2013: Professor Rasma Karklina visited the center, and gave a talk entitled Does Anticorruption Work? Latvia’s Experience. Professor Karklina currently works in Latvia, where she is a member of parliament and its sub-committee on anticorruption issues. She is also former chair of political science at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
14 June, 2013: TraCCC affiliate scholar Dr. Veerendra Mishra presented a showing of Do I have a Choice? A Saga of Socially Sanctioned Sexual Servitude, his short documentary film about the ‘Bedia’ community in India, where prostitution is an accepted practice in the midst of conservative Indian society. Following the film, Dr. Mishra took questions from the audience. An interview with Dr. Mishra will be published in our monthly publication, INSIDE TraCCC (subscribe here), and the full film will be available for streaming on TraCCC’s website in Fall 2013. 17 May, 2013: TraCCC invited Dr. Richard Medina to give a guest lecture on The Geography of Terrorism. Dr. Medina discussed several themes from the new book The Geography of International Terrorism: An Introduction to Spaces and Places of Violent Non-State Groups (CRC Press, 2013), of which he is co-author (with George F. Hepner).
30 April, 2013: TraCCC hosted a Panel on Illicit Networks and National Security to mark the publication of Convergence: Illicit Networks and National Security in the Age of Globalization, by the National Defense University Press. Attendees received a copy of this important new book, which discusses the challenge of converging and connecting illicit networks; how the proliferation, convergence, and horizontal diversification of illicit networks challenge state sovereignty; and how different national and international organizations are fighting back. The entire book can be downloaded at this link.
TraCCC Director Dr. Louise Shelley moderated the esteemed panel, whose discussants were: Michael Miklaucic, Director of Research, Information, and Publications in the Center for Complex Operations (CCO) at the National Defense University; Douglas Farah, President of IBI Consultants and a Senior Fellow at the International Assessment and Strategy Center; Danielle Camner Lindholm, a Technical Director in the BAE Systems Intelligence and Security Sector; and David M. Luna, Director of Anti-Crime Programs at the Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. Greg Gatjanis of the U.S. Department of the Treasury attended as a guest moderator and discussant. 19 April, 2013: A panel of experts from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), the Homeland Security Study and Analysis Institute, and the International Assessment and Strategy Center presented the summary findings of a soon-to-be-published open source article, focusing on human smuggling activities along the Southwest U.S. Border from 2008-2011. 12 April, 2013: Matthew Levitt discussed his forthcoming book, Hezbollah, The Global Footprint of Lebanon’s Party of God, which is the first thorough examination of Hezbollah’s covert activities beyond Lebanon’s borders, including its financial and logistical support networks, and its criminal and terrorist operations worldwide. 19 March, 2013: TraCCC hosted a talk by Professor Gabriella Sanchez entitled Violence as an Element of Irregular BorderCrossings: Human Smuggling Operations in the US Southwest. See event flyer for full details. 4 March, 2013: Dr. Louise Shelley hosted a guest panel on the Illicit Trade in Wildlife, as a special meeting of her class on Illicit Trade. The panel addressed problems of the illegal trade in animals, tiger poaching, globalization, and disease control. Her distinguished visitors came from the Smithsonian-Mason School of Conservation: Jennifer Sevin, Mahendra Shrestha, and A. Alonso Aguirre.
1st March, 2013: TraCCC presented a talk by Professor Celina Realuyo, Assistant Professor of National Security at the National Defense University. Professor Realuyo’s talk, Following the Money to Combat Terrorism and Crime, examined the way in which globalization has facilitated the convergence of illicit networks, including those of terrorist groups. She presented an overview of money laundering techniques, new trends in terrorist financing, and measures employed by the U.S. to detect, dismantle and deter terrorist financing networks. She emphasized the need to foster collaboration between those in law enforcement, intelligence agencies and the military at the national, regional and international levels, as well as between the civic, public and private sectors. Professor Realuyo has kindly provided a pdf of her presentation for interested parties. Event Flyer
25 January, 2013: TraCCC hosted a talk by Dr. Adam Lankford, assistant professor of criminal justice at The University of Alabama, on the mindset of suicide terrorists and rampage shooters. Professor Lankford argued that many of these individuals are “suicidal, in the clinical sense”, and that their desire to die may be independent of their beliefs in a given cause. He presented evidence from his recent book, The Myth of Martyrdom: What Really Drives Suicide Bombers, Rampage Shooters, and Other Self-Destructive Killers, that these individuals have a desire to kill and be killed (thereby attaining fame and glory), as well as a profound sense of victimization, often exacerbated by mental health problems. Event Flyer
13 December 2012, TraCCC hosted David M. Cattler, director of the Defense Combating Terrorism Center (DCTC) at the Defense Intelligence Agency. Mr. Cattler gave a talk entitled The Nexus of Crime and Terrorism: New Security Challenges in the 21st Century. Event Flyer
17 October 2012, TraCCC’s own Ambassador (ret.) Richard Kauzlarich and Ambassador (ret.) Kenneth S. Yalowitz hosted the talk, “Reality Diplomacy: How Ambassadors Deal with Crime and Corruption Abroad”. Event Flyer
21 September 2012, TraCCC hosted Jim Wickens, Pioneering Environmental Journalist from the Ecologist Film Unit to discuss his groundbreaking undercover documentaries on environmental crime. Event Flyer
12 September 2012, TraCCC hosted Award Winning Journalist, Gretchen Peters, to discuss her recently released study, The Haqqani Financing Network: The Evolution of an Industry. Event Flyer
17 April 2012, TraCCC and the Washington Area Chapter of the Internet Society co-hosted a roundtable discussion on “Transparency vs. Corruption: The Internet as a Disinfectant.” Event Flyer
12 April 2012, TraCCC with Anka Rising and Virginia-Stop Modern Slavery hosted a panel discussion on “Corporate and Social Responsibility and Modern-Day Slavery.” Event Flyer
21 February 2012-TraCCC hosted Dr. Aleksandr Zelitchenko, Director of the Central Asian Drug Policy Center and Coordinator of the EU Central Asian Drug Action Program in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. He presented on “Current Drug Trends in Central Asia.” Flyer, Presentation, Article: Blaming the Third Force, the role of the narcotics trade in the Osh tragedy (English, Russian),
20 January 2012– TraCCC hosted Major General Muniruzzanam (ret.) of the Bangladesh Institute of Peace and Security Studies to discuss “The Security Dimensions of Climate Change.” Flyer, Presentation, National Security and Climate Change Video via LinkTv.
7 October 2011– TraCCC hosted Fashihuddin, Founder for the Pakistan Society for Criminology and Chief-in-Editor of the Pakistan Journal of Criminology. He is a senior officer of the Police Service of Pakistan (PSP), the author of Expanding Criminology to Pakistan, and holds a MBBS, LLB and MA in Political Science. Currently, he is the Director General of Human Rights in the Central Police Office of the KPK Province in Pakistan. He has served in many positions with various law-enforcement agencies including the Frontier Constabulary, the Intelligence Bureau, and the Federal Investigation Agency. Event Flyer, Presentation
25 April 2011– TraCCC hosted Grant Newsham, an executive director for corporate security at a prominent Western financial services firm in Japan, to discuss, “Yakuza Influence on the Japanese Financial Sector: Security and Solvency in Japan.” Event Flyer
19 April 2011– TraCCC hosted a panel of Visting Scholars from the Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies at the Brookings Institute to discuss, “Asian Perspectives on Transnational Crime and Human Trafficking.” Event Flyer, Panelist Bios, Ho-Jin Lee Bio, Event Write Up
18 April 2011– Dr.Louise Shelley was a guest panelist at the Kennan Institute for a talk entitled, “Unique Aspects of Human Trafficking in Eurasia.” The talk discussed the business model of human trafficking from the former Soviet Union. This model, which Shelley terms “the natural resource model,” shares many characteristics of Russian trade in other areas and will be compared with trafficking from other regions of the world. IT also discussed recent developments in all forms of human trafficking from and within the former USSR. Further Information about this Event
8 March 2011- TraCCC hosted Professors Alain Bauer and Xavier Raufer, two French Government advisors on crime and terrorism in the conference entitled, “Security Threats: A French Perspective and Response.” They discussed France’s views on current security challenges and the recent government reorganization to address these challenges. Their understanding of France’s long involvement with the Arab world and with Africa provided a unique perspective on international security. Event Program, Panelist Bios, Relevant Publications, Event Write Up
28 February 2011– TraCCC announced the latest edition to the Routledge Book Series. The book entitled, Human Security, Transnational Crime, and Human Trafficking: Asian and Western Perspectice, contrasts the experience and perception of transnational crime and human trafficking in Asia with that in the West. Event Program, Purchase this Book, Photos from Book Event
22 February 2011– TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, “The Nature, State and Capacity to Address Illicit Trade in Tajikistan and its Effect on (In)Security in Central Asia.” The two panels discussed Actors and the Stage: The State of Tajikistan Today and Terror and Crime: A Nexus or Just Convergences of Opportunity?. Further information: Event Program, Panelist Biographies, Relevant Publications, Panel Photo, Conference Write Up
31 January 2011– Dr. Louise Shelley was a guest on the Radio Show, Sins of Omission, to discuss her book, “Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective. The link to the show can be found here. January 28th-TraCCC hosted Alexandre Kukhianidze, the Director of of the Terrorism, Transnational Crime, and Corruption Center’s (TraCCC) Caucasus Office, for a rountable discussion on “Combating Corruption in Georgia: Reforms without Democratization?” He writes extensively on corruption, organized crime, smuggling, security issues, and Georgia-Russia relations. Previously, he was a Fulbright scholar at Mount Holyoke College and Johns Hopkins University, Deputy Chief of Party of USAID’s Local Government Reform Initiative, and Chief Editor of the academic journal ‘Caucasian Regional Studies.’ He is currently a visiting research fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and is working on problems of civil security and defense in Georgia and the Caucasus. A write up of the event can be found here.
December 23rd-TraCCC hosted Ikhram Seghal, a distinguished Pakistani Defense Analyst. Ikram Sehgal, runs the largest security firm in Pakistan, Pathfinder G4S. He writes widely on crime, terrorism and corruption and has hosted a weekly television in Pakistan. He is a syndicated columnist and Chief Editor of the Defense Journal. Trained at the Pakistan Military Academy, he serves on the boards of many international organizations. He is presently on the Global Advisory Council on Terrorism of the World Economic Forum. On August 25, 2011, Seghal wrote an article entitled “Socio-political factors and National Security.”
October 25th– Louise Shelley had an event for her book, “Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective.” Her book examines all forms of human trafficking globally, it demonstrates that there is more than one business model of human trafficking and that there are enormous variations in human trafficking in different regions of the world. Drawing on a wide body of research conducted by the author over the last sixteen years in Asia, Latin America, Africa, Europe, and the former socialist countries – Louise Shelley concludes that human trafficking will grow in the twenty-first century as a result of economic and demographic inequalities in the world, the rise of conflicts, and possibly global climate change. Coordinated efforts of government, civil society, the business community, multilateral organizations, and the media are needed to stem its growth.
October 22nd-TraCCC in coordination with DC Stop Modern Slavery hosted film director, Guy Jacobson, to discuss and show his documentary, “REDLIGHT.” UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Lucy Liu produced and narrated REDLIGHT, an inspiring and powerful feature documentary about child sexploitation. Filmed over a four year period, REDLIGHT focuses on the personal stories of the victims and two remarkable advocates for change: grass-roots activist Somaly Mam and politician Mu Sochua. To view the trailer, please visit www.redlightthemovie.com. October 19th- TraCCC hosted a panel discussion for a Ukrainian Open World Delegation entitled, “Providing Assistance to Victims of Child Exploitation in Ukraine.” October 12th- TraCCC in coordination with the Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution at George Mason University hosted Guest Speaker, Thomas da Waal, to speak about his book “The Caucasus: An Introduction.” Thomas de Waal is a writer and analyst on the Caucasus, Russia and the Black Sea region and a Senior Associate with the Russia and Eurasia program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington. His book can be purchased through any major bookstore.
October 5th– TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, “Instability in Central Asia:Scale, Scope and regional Consequences.” The conference addressed demographic trends, religious extremism, political instability and ethnic violence in Central Asia, their impact on vulnerable populations and their contribution to the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, organized crime, illicit trade and political stability in the region. Further information: Event Program, Panelist Biographies, Relevant Publications
July 22nd– TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, “Human Insecurity in West Africa: Irregular and Forced Migration, Drugs, and Arms and Human Trafficking.” The conference addressed many of the major challenges that West Africa faces including irregular/ cladestine migration, forced migration as a result of climate change and conflict, sexual and labor trafficking and the drugs and arms trade. Further information: Event Program, Panelist Biographies, Relevant Publications
June 16th– TraCCC hosted a Ukrainian Delegation through the Open World Program focusing on Human Trafficking. The delegation held a Panel at the International Organization for Migration office in downtown DC entitled, “Preventing Human Trafficking & Rehabilitating Survivors in Ukraine: Perspectives from Civil Society and Law Enforcement.”
May 24th– TraCCC hosted a Russian Delegation through the Open World Program which focused on Environmental Crimes. The delegation held a Panel entitled, “Environmental Crimes and Resource Protection in Russia.” Anatoly Kabanets, Coordinator of Forest Projects with the World Wildlife Fund presented on “Experience in Countering Illegal Logging in Primorskii Krai.” Gennady Zherebkin, Legal Adviser for the World Wildlife Federation Russia, Amur Branch presented on, “Ecological Crime in Primorskii Krai.”
May 3rd– Funded by the Turkish Institute for Security and Democracy, TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, “The Crime-Terror Nexus: Perspectives and Lessons Learned from International Researchers and Practicioners.” The conference presented analysis of terrorist financing and activity, based primarily on data made available from the Turkish National Police on the terrorist organization, PKK (Kurdistan Worker’s Party). Panels addressed diverse forms of terrorist financing and crime networks extending from Central Asia, through the Middle East and to Europe. Participants include high-level international officials and researchers who have studied data on the crime-terror relationship. Event ProgramPanelist BiosRelevant Publications
February 25th and 26th– Funded through TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, ” Criminal Networks, Smuggling, and WMD.” The conference addressed the problem of criminal facilitation in WMD proliferation in the United States and abroad. Speakers focused on actual cases and not hypothetical scenarios, and confirmed linkages between crime and terrorist groups were discussed and analyzed. Event Program, Biographies of the Speakers, Relevant Guest Speaker Publications
January 19th– Louise Shelley spoke the the Panel, “Tracking Organized Crime and Terrorism in the Digital Age,” which was hosted by the International Center for Journalists todiscuss how reporters are using new technology to reveal and track networks that threaten countries around the world.Also on the Panel was Knight International Journalist Fellow, Paul Cristian Radu, aninvestigative journalist and co-founder of the Romanian Center for Investigative Journalism.Radu’s Investigative Reporting Manual entitled, “Follow the Money- A Digital Guide to Tracking Corruption,” can be found on the site.
December 10th–TraCCC hosted a new Open World delegation from Russia who spoke on “Safeguarding Russia’s At-Risk Groups:Assisting Human Trafficking Victims and Programming for At-Risk Youth.” For the flyer please click here.
October 28th– TraCCC presented a panel of six distinguished anti-trafficking professionals and victims’ assistance providers from Ukraine to discuss “The Face of Human Trafficking in Ukraine: Assisting Victims and Diverting At-Risk Groups” as part of its Open World Leadership Program. Please click here for the event announcement. Click here for presentations about the Vesta NGO by Inna Sabadosh, the Dovira MET Women’s Youth Organization by Maryna Shornikova, the Ministry of Family, Youth and Sports of Ukraine by Nataliya Sukhorukova, and the “Road to Life” NGO by Yana Sharun.
October 23rd– As part of TraCCC’s Open World Leadership Program, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) hosted a brown-bag lunch featuring a presentation by a TraCCC Open World delegate on methods of providing assistance to victims of human trafficking in Ukraine. The presentation by Olena Sichkar can be found here.
On October 21st– TraCCC hosted a conference entitled, “Drug Flows Out of Afghanistan and Pakistan.”TraCCC’s scholars from countries along the drug route commented on the conditions that facilitate the trade from the point of origin to Western European Countries. Here are the Biographies of the Speakers, Relevant Publications, and Speaker Mahmut Cengiz Power Point Presentation.
On September 10th– TraCCC hosted the conference, “US Policy on Transnational Crime” which consisted of 4 panels discussing Drug Trafficking, Mexico, and US Policy, Human Smuggling and Trafficking, Why Countering Counterfeiting and Diversion Deserve More Policy Attention, and Countering Transnational Crime
On August 19th– TraCCC hosted “An Anti-Corruption Exchange” with a small group of officials from Southern Sudan tasked by GOSS with the establishment of southern Sudan’s first anti-corruption body and legislative framework. View Picture and Minutes from the Exchange
On May 4th,TraCCC hosted a major policy talk with Mr. David Luna, Director for the Anti-Crime Programs at the Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL) Affairs in the US Department of State. The talk was largely focused on thematic threat convergence issues and the United States’ recent diplomatic efforts to combat transnational threats and dismantling threat networks. His statement can be found here
For further information concerning the State Department’s programs and initiatives on combating transnational crime and corruption please go to http://www.state.gov/p/inl/
On April 16th, TraCCC hosted an event,“What Is Needed?: The Way Ahead for WMD Policy” at the School of Public Policy. This Weapons of Mass Destruction Conference discussing the theoretical and operational frameworks of the policy domestically and abroad, and what is needed for the future. The Conference Report can be found here
On November 20, TraCCC hosted a launch for Russia’s Battle with Crime, Corruption and Terrorism, the latest book in TraCCC’s Routledge transnational crime and corruption series, with the book’s editor, Dr. Robert Orttung.
On September 24, TraCCC in collaboration with the Open World Leadership Program organized an event entitled “Child Trafficking and Exploitation in Russia: Scale and Scope”, featuring four visiting law enforcement and NGO professionals from Russia who work to combat child exploitation crimes and bring its perpetrators to justice. Presenters included Mr. Vadim Kulazhnikov of the Russian Far East Law Enforcement Training Institute, Ms. Ekaterina Avdas of the Vladivostok City Foster Care Administration, Ms. Marina Ryabko of a St. Petersburg Shelter for Exploited Youth and Ms. Zinaida Malykhina, Youth Services Director of a Chelyabinsk City Vocational School.
On September 10 , TraCCC in collaboration with the Open World Leadership Program organized an event entitled “Rescuing Lives, Restoring Hope: Assisting Human Trafficking Victims in the Russian Federation “, featuring five visiting professionals from Russia who provide assistance to human trafficking victims. Presenters included Ms. Tamara Petrova of the Rostov Women’s Crisis Shelter, Ms. Ksenia Tuzova of the NGO “Fatima” in Tatarstan, Ms. Marina Erlikh of the Moscow-based NGO “Syostri”, Ms. Svetlana Goncharova of the Far East State University of Economics and Service, and Mr. Eduard Perepelkin of the Astrakhan-based “Oratorium” Crisis Center for Youth.
On Thursday, March 27, TraCCC in collaboration with the Focus on Central Asia Program organized an event entitled “Human Trafficking in Central Asia: The Case of Kyrgyzstan”, featuring four visiting professionals from Kyrgyzstan who provide victims’ assistance and influence policy to combat human trafficking. Presenters included Mr. Kanatbek Osmonov of the Osh City Migration Service, Mr. Igor Shugalskiy of the Federal Procuracy of Kyrgyzstan, Ms. Ainura Usupbekova of the NGO “Elsen” and Mr. Talaaibek Abdraimov of the NGO “Podruga”.
On Thursday, December 13, TraCCC organized an event entitled “Human Trafficking from Southern Russia”, featuring four visiting law enforcement officials and academics from Russia’s volatile southwestern region who work on various aspects of addressing Russia’s human trafficking problems and assisting its victims.
On Tuesday, October 16, TraCCC hosted a book launch event entitled featuring the authors of Merchant of Death, which chronicles the inner workings of Russian arms dealer Victor Bout’s transnational arms trade organization, as well as oft-thwarted attempts by U.S. officials and international investigators to quell his operations. Douglas Farah, former Washington Post West Africa Bureau Chief, and Stephen Braun, Los Angeles Times National correspondent, discussed their exhaustive research into this case and the many questions left unanswered as to Victor Bout’s ability to avoid arrest and prosecution.
On Wednesday, October 24, TraCCC organized an event entitled “Combating Modern-Day Slavery in Russia”, featuring four visiting Russian law enforcement officials and academics who work on various aspects of addressing Russia’s human trafficking problems and assisting its victims.
On Tuesday, October 30, TraCCC hosted a book launch event entitled “Is Everything Coming Up Roses? Georgia’s Battle with Organized Crime and Corruption following the 2003 Revolution”. The event featured TraCCC Director Dr. Louise Shelley and former TraCCC Georgia Program Managers Erik Scott and Anthony Latta, who co-edited TraCCC’s newest volume in its Routledge Publications series entitled Organized Crime and Corruption in Georgia, which examines the most enduring aspects of organized crime and corruption in Georgia and the most important reforms since the Rose Revolution.
On Monday, April 23, TraCCC hosted a presentation by Dr. Anna Jonsson, Assistant Professor, Department of Eurasian Studies, Uppsala University, and Project Director, Constitution Developments and Human Rights at the Silk Road Studies Program. Dr. Jonsson’s presentation was entitled “Fighting Human Trafficking in Northern Europe: Is Demand Reduction Feasible?”
On Wednesday, April 18, TraCCC hosted Russian scholar Irina Olimpieva, who presented her recent work on informal business practices in St. Petersburg. In particular, she focused on the rise of intermediaries in cross-border trade. A working draft of her paper, co-authored by Dr. Eric Gordy, is available, as is a brief presentation paper co-authored with Oleg Pachenkov. Irina Olimpieva is a sociologist at The Center for Independent Social Research in St. Petersburg, Russia.
On Tuesday, April 10, Dr. Jan Van Dijk spoke at TraCCC’s lecture on the topic, “Mafia Markers: Measuring Organized Crime and its Impact on Societies.” A short summary of the event, and a biography of Professor van Dijk, can be found here. A working draft of his latest paper has been made available.
On March 26, TraCCC welcomed Bruno Schild of Brand Integrity LA&C, Philip Morris International to lecture on “Fighting Illegal Trade: A Multinational Corporation’s Perspective.” Mr. Schild’s presentation included: global issues of illicit cigarette trade; strategies and action; government cooperation; private investigation; communication programs for trade and consumers, and case studies from around the world.
TraCCC, in partnership with the Chelyabinsk NGO, Women’s Commonwealth, hosted an anti-trafficking training for local and regional law enforcement and NGO officials at the South Ural State University in Chelyabinsk, Russia on March 16-17. This training was one of ten trainings being implemented by TraCCC across Russia in early 2007 as part of a US State Department sponsored anti-trafficking program.
On March 19, TraCCC-Chelyabinsk and Dr. Louise Shelley hosted a roundtable event on “Organized Crime and Corruption in the Ural Region.” The event took place at TraCCC’s Chelyabinsk Center at the South Ural State University.
Spring Speaker Series 2007
On 10 April 2007, Professor Jan Van Dijk, Pieter van Vollenhoven professor in victimology and human security at Tilburg University, The Netherlands, and former officer in charge of the United Nations Crime Prevention Centre in Vienna, spoke at TraCCC about his work on international crime.
Professor van Dijk specifically discussed his work on Mafia Markers, which will be published as World of Crime: Breaking the Silence on Problems of Crime, Justice and Development in 2007 by SAGE Publishers. These markers are presented as the quantified and correlated relationships between various indices of organized crime, police performance, rule of law, and corruption. By drawing correlations among these variables, Professor van Dijk puts the measurement of organized crime on a comparative global basis, enabling researchers to more rigorously theorize the causes and effects of this form of criminal behavior. The most significant (statistically) correlations were between measures of both corruption and the rule of law (World Bank data) and the professor’s own index of organized crime. Lastly, the professor offered a critique of how organized crime has been “neglected by the development community” and correlates his organized crime index and GDP per capita to show the significant negative correlation between organized crime and wealth. He argues that it is impossible to have sustainable development without strong institutions, especially those relating to corruption and rule of law, and presents Afghanistan as a case where present-day economic growth (due to Opium production) is unsustainable due to its effect on institutions in that country.
Detectives Stack and Wiley, of the Montgomery County Police Department, presented a review of sex trafficking in DC at an event hosted by TraCCC on February 27.
On Thursday, February 15th, Dr. Rasma Karklins hosted a discussion on corruption at TraCCC. Dr. Karklins also shared her latest research published in her book, The System Made Me Do It.
On December 6, members of TraCCC’s DC headquarters staff met with UNODC Goodwill Ambassador for Human Trafficking, Ms. Julia Ormond. The meeting focused on an analysis of human trafficking as a security issue. Further information on Ms. Ormond’s brief can be found on the UNODC website.
TraCCC PhD student, Carmen Apaza, received a grant from the National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan. Carmen and four other graduate students from all over the world were part of the “Global Young Elites Summit on Technology, Policy and Management”, held in Taipei from 26-30 November 2006. As part of the Young Elites, she lead a conference and presented a paper (which will be published) entitled, “Public Management Challenge: Ensuring Accountability and Controlling Corruption.”
On November 8, TraCCC hosted a panel discussion with five Russian scholars participating in TraCCC’s Open World Leadership Program, on Human Trafficking in Russia: Perspectives from Law and Justice.
TraCCC held the first event of the Fall 2006 Speaker Series on Human Trafficking: ‘Combating Human Trafficking in Russia: Past, Present and Future,’ featuring five Russian scholars and moderated by Louise Shelley. The panel discussion took place on Wednesday October 11.
Bilal Wahab, a Fulbright Scholar and TraCCC student, spoke at an event focusing on Governance in Iraq, on September 23. The substance of the discussion was published in the Middle East Quarterly of Fall 2006. Mr. Wahab was also recently interviewed for two radio programs dealing with Iraqi perspectives of the security situation in Iraq. A transcript of the first interview (the McNeill-Lehrer Report on 11/14/06) and streaming audio of the second (NPR’s “All Things Considered” on 11/18/06) are available.An NPR discussion of the 2006 Baker-Hamilton report on Iraq also cited an article of Mr. Wahab’s, dealing with insurgent financing. The show can be heard via streaming audio.
On September 28-29 TraCCC sponsored an anti-trafficking trainingfor local and regional law enforcement officials in Moscow. This training is part of TraCCC’s US Department of State project to combat human trafficking in Russia.
On September 26, Dr. Louise Shelley, Dr. Elena Tyuryukanova, Dr. Natalia Lopashenko and Dr. Liudmila Erokhina hosted a roundtable discussion on human trafficking at the All Russia Media Festival in Dagomys, Russia, a national conference for journalists from across the Russian Federation.
On September 8-9, TraCCC co-sponsored a NATO Advanced Workshop on “Understanding and Responding to Terrorism: A Multi-dimensional Approach.” The workshop took place at the Capital Hilton in Washington, DC. For more information, please contact the Turkish Institute for Police Studies (TIPS) at firstname.lastname@example.org.
TraCCC Director Louise Shelley, together with Dr Irina Ivakhnyuk (Senior Researcher and Deputy Director, Population Department, Faculty of Economics, Moscow State Lomonosov University) and Ambassador Mary Ann Peters (Associate Director for International Liaison, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies) hosted a Geneva Center for Security Policy (GCSP) Public Discussion on ‘Transnational Security: Threats and Responses’ in Geneva, Switzerland.
From 4-6 May 2006, the Transnational Crime and Corruption Center at American University and the Nizhny Novgorod Linguistic University held an Advanced Research Workshop on the topic of “Anti-Terrorist Strategies: Comparing the Experiences of the U.S., Great Britain, France, Turkey, and Russia.”
In April 2006, TraCCC hosted a delegation from Iraq’s Commission for Public Integrity, who held two weeks of meetings and addressed an audience at AU. Pictures from that event are available here; Matthew Getty of AU University Publications’ report on the event can also be viewed on that page.CPI is Iraq’s leading anti-corruption agency. It is a fully independent, non-sectarian entity responsible for enforcing anti-corruption laws, proposing additional legislation to combat corruption, and heightening the Iraqi people’s demand for honest government through public relations campaigns and educational initiatives.
On April 29, TraCCC hosted a discussion with Dr. Jim Jacobs, whose book, Mobsters, Unions & Feds: The Mafia and the American Labor Movement (New York University Press, 2006), deals with organized crime’s century-long infiltration and exploitation of American unions and their pension/welfare plans, as well as the federal law enforcement’s extraordinary 20 year-long effort to remedy the situation by means of court supervised union and pension fund trusteeships achieved through civil RICO litigation.
On April 29, TraCCC cohosted a half-day conference with CERES on security threats to Russia. The conference featured two panel discussions. The first focused on organized crime, terrorism, and the Russian government’s fight against those elements. Prof. Mark Galeotti (Rutgers University) moderated the panel; Prof. Louise Shelley (American University, TraCCC) discussed nuclear smuggling and the processes that facilitate it, Prof. Robert Orttung (American University, TraCCC) discussed possible organized crime and terrorist links in Siberia, and Nabi Abdullaev (Moscow Times) examined the implications of Russia’s antiterrorism strategy on civil liberties.The second panel focused on political and energy security and was moderated by Prof. Angela Stent (Georgetown, CERES). Rich Herold (BP), and Thane Gustafson (Georgetown) shared their knowledge on how Russia’s energy policies are affecting European and Russian security. Carina Stachetti (French Ministry of Defense) discussed energy security as part of the overall assessment of Russian security policy.Following lunch, Mary B. Warlick (Director, Office of Russian Affairs, U.S. Department of State) gave a keynote speech on the U.S.-Russia relations in the G-8.
On April 12, TraCCC hosted a brown-bag lunch featuring TraCCC affiliate Saltanat Sulaimanova, who discussed Kyrgyz migrants in the United States.
On April 5, TraCCC hosted a brown-bag lunch featuring TraCCC affiliate Dr. Phillis Dininio and TraCCC Project Director Dr. Robert Orttung on corruption in the education sector.
On March 9, TraCCC hosted a brown-bag seminar with TraCCC Visiting Scholar from Seoul, Korea, Hyungsok Kwak, on methods of reducing corruption by assessing corruption measurement.
On March 29, TraCCC hosted a brown-bag seminar with TraCCC Faculty Fellow Dr. Raymond June on anti-corruption initiatives in the Czech Republic.
Spring Speaker Series 2006
On 19 April 2006, Dr. Vladimir Papava’s discussed his book Necroeconomics: The Political Economy of Post-Communist Capitalism.
On 4 April 2006, Dr Jay Albanese of the National Institute of Justice discussed researching the crime-terror nexus.
On 1 March 2006, Dr. Marc Sageman, author of Understanding Terror Networks, joined American University’s School of International Service Assistant Professor Patrick Jackson and TraCCC Director Professor Louise Shelley to discuss the social network organization of crime and terror groups. The event was summarized in an article in the American Weekly.
On February 22, TraCCC held the first of its discussion group on issues of corruption for 2006. Talaibek Koichumanov, a visiting scholar at the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute at SAIS, discussed his research. A report on the event is available for download.
On October 26, TraCCC researchers Nabi Abdullaev and Simon Saradzhyan presented Trade-offs between security and Civil Liberties in Russia’s War on Terror: Four Regional Case Studies at the Moscow Carnegie Center, to an audience of government officials, journalists, and local academics. The authors warned that Russia was increasing the threat of terrorism by cracking down on civil liberties. They drew on case study analysis of four key regions in Russia: Chechnya, Dagestan, Moscow, and St. Petersburg. The report provoked a lively discussion of how Russia can do a better job in implementing its efforts to address the growing terrorist threat.
On October 25, TraCCC hosted a round-table discussion on corruption and governance in higher education that was followed by a question and answer session. Prof. Louise Shelley, TraCCC founder/director and SIS professor, moderated the panel.Prof. Ethan Burger (TraCCC legal advisor and adjunct professor at American University’s Washington College of Law) discussed recent American University events in the context of corporate malfeasance seen since 2001. Prof. Burger discussed the corporatization of American universities, specifically the role of shareholders, who, in a business environment would expect profit, versus stakeholders, the entire community that is affected by the institution. Prof. Burger also explained how corruption and quickly sweep through an institution when the institution does not maintain oversight over corporate officers. This move towards a business structure without oversight could have been a major cause of the Ladner affair. Together, these issues should result in the university reexamining the role of the Board of Trustees.Prof. Peter Lewis of American University discussed cronyism in institutions, both public and private. Specifically, the recent events at American University echo events at Adelphi University, Tyco, and the United Way. In each of these cases the board of trustees approved compensation for officers out of line with the officers’ experience and the organizations’ size. Again, these cases were brought about by a lack of transparency and accountability. Prof. Lewis specifically pointed out that cronyism, that is, when the chief executive or president appoints his friends or those who will not question his actions, on the board. Lack of accountability nearly always results in insider dealing. AU must reexamine the structures and rules that govern the Board of Trustees.Jason Terry, American University Master’s degree student, discussed his recent experiences as a student representative on the Board of Trustees of his undergraduate institution following a restructuring of the university by its president to promote transparency in local and university communication. Mr. Terry pointed out that the university was overwhelmingly supportive of the changes, as a lack of communication and perceived accountability had separated the board and previous administration from the students. Moreover, this lack of communication prevented students from receiving the assistance they needed from administrators. The reforms initiated by the new president opened community between the student body and university administration. Mr. Terry said that the transparency gave students not only the ability to influence decisions, but the responsibility to become more involved in the daily affairs of the university.During the question and answer session, each of the round-table speakers pointed that the solution to American University’s current problem are threefold: Better auditing, an independent board of trustees, and a president that is accountable to the university community. This scale of the problem within the university administration is demonstrated by the need for outside investigators to look into the practices with the Board of Trustees and President’s office. The scope of inquiry needs to be widened from looking at only the actions of the Board of Trustees and President to the underlying problems that allowed their actions to move so far away from what the university expects from them.
On October 17, TraCCC hosted a conference entitled ‘From Revolution to Reform: Law and Its Practice in Russia and the CIS’, which brought together key decision makers from the public and private sectors to celebrate the scholarship and service of American University’s School of International Service alumnus William E. Butler (BA, ’61) who recently returned to the United States after 35 years in London and Moscow, and to examine critical developments in Russia’s legal, political, and economic life.
On September 30, TraCCC’s Saratov Center hosted its academic seminar entitled ‘Criminal Trade in Weapons: Current Trends and Ways of Combating.’ The seminar participants included prominent scholars and junior legal professionals from across Russia, as well as law-enforcement officials from Saratov and Samara oblast. The seminar sessions were attended by students of various departments of the Saratov Law Academy. Following the sessions, a group of prominent legal specialists and practitioners gathered as a working group to discuss new legislative projects and other salient issues of transnational crime and corruption in the Saratov region and across the Russian Federation.Also, TraCCC’s Georgia Office organized a conference on the “Reform of Law Enforcement Structures and Its Impact on Fighting Crime in Georgia”. The conference was held at Tbilisi State University.Finally, TRACCC and ABA-CEELI hosted a joint event on “Crime and Corruption Related to Migration in Russian Megalopolises: Comparative Analysis of Moscow and St. Petersburg Patterns” in Moscow. TraCCC presentations were made by Elena Tiuriukanova, Louise Shelley, and Liudmila Erokhina.
On September 3, Dr. Louise Shelley participated in a plenary on “Criminal Justice Reform in Central and Eastern Europe,” at the European Society of Criminology Annual Conference in Kracow, Poland. Other speakers included Abdrzej Siemaszko (Institute of Administration of Justice and Warsaw University, Warsaw, Poland) and Helena Valkova (University of Plzen, Czech Republic).
On September 2 TraCCC hosted a panel at the European Society of Criminology Annual Conference in Kracow, Poland, entitled “Russia and Georgia: Internal Policies and Organized Crime Problems that Pose a Threat to European Union Member States.” The panel was chaired by Dr. Louise Shelley. Other participants and areas of research included:
- Alexander Salagaev (Center for Analytical Studies and Research) “Market for Illegitimate Services in Russian Law Enforcement Agencies.”
- Vasiliy Valuev (Rus-Expert Transit) “Ties Between Big Business and the Military-Industrial Complex: Implications for Security.”
- Bulat Fatkulin (Chelyabinsk State University, Russia) “Drug-Trade Along the Russia-Kazakhstan Border and its Implications for Europe.”
- Alexander Kupatadze (American University’s Transnational Crime and Corruption Center – Georgia Office, Georgia) “Smuggling in, from and through Georgia: Threats to Europe.”
On June 1, TraCCC visiting scholar-in-residence, Fiammetta Borgia, presented her research on “The Role of Disclosure in Corporate Governance.” The event took place at 4:00pm in the Mary Graydon Center, Room 245, on the American University Main Campus.
On May 31, a symposium entitled “A View of the Problem of Corruption in the Russian Arbitrazh Court System” took place at the Kennan Institute on Tuesday, May 31 2005, 12:00 p.m. – 1:00 p.m., presented by TraCCC’s Ethan Burger, Scholar-in-Residence, School of International Service, and Adjunct Associate Professor, Washington College of Law, American University. For more information, visit the Kennan Institute website.
From May 16-22 TraCCC’s Saratov Center for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption held its third annual Summer School for Junior-Level Law Professors and Legal Practitioners on the theme of “Contemporary Types of Organized Crime: Analysis, Trends and Issues of Combating.” About 60 young scholars and practitioners from 19 regions of the Russian Federation as well as Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan participated in the event. More information on the Summer School schedule and panels is available (in Russian) at the Saratov Center website.
From May 13-15 TraCCC’s Saratov Center for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption held its Annual International Conference entitled “Issues of Combating the Criminal Redistribution of Property.” The conference attendees included policymakers, scholars and practitioners from 20 regions of the Russian Federation as well as from the U.S., Italy, Georgia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan.
On May 5, TraCCC hosted Tony Krone, a computer crime researcher from Australia, for a presentation on “Recent evidence of East European connections in identity crime in Australia,” and “The role of the Australian High Tech Crime Centre in combatting high tech crime in Australia.” Mr. Krone is currently working on a joint project between the Australian Institute of Criminology and the Australian High Tech Crime Centre.
From March 18-19, TraCCC co-organized a conference of chapter writers for the forthcoming book “Russian Business Power: The Role of Russian Business in Foreign and Security Relations,” at the Center for Security Studies of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich.
On February 21, TraCCC Doctoral Fellow, Christopher Corpora defended his dissertation entitled “Connections, Conundrums, and Criminality: Understanding Local Perceptions About and Attitudes Toward Organized Crime and Corruption in Bosnia and Herzegovina”. Louise Shelley, Dissertation Chair, Julie Mertus, and Maryann Cusimano Love comprised the examination panel.
On February 20, TraCCC and the Hajji Baba Society presented “Drugs, Bugs, Thugs, and Rugs,” in the Mary Graydon Center of the American University Main Campus. The presentation was given by Dr Louise Shelley and Andrew Weber, a special advisor for Threat Reduction Policy at the Pentagon whose efforts to combat biological weapons are featured in the book Germsby J. Miller, S. Engelberg, and W. Broad. Both are members of the International Hajji Baba Society. Their professional activities require them to travel frequently to the former Soviet Union, where they keep meeting in rug shops.In this talk they described their adventures hunting carpets between encounters with some very colorful characters. They explained how a knowledge of rugs helps both in combating some of the serious challenges to western civilization and in making new friends. They also showed a few examples of the rugs and textiles still available in the Caucasus and Central Asia.
On February 16, Dr. Louise Shelley gave a lecture on “Fighting Transnational Crime” to the Cleveland Committee on Foreign Relations (CCFR), a membership organization of leading business and legal professionals within the Cleveland Council on World Affairs (CCWA).
On February 15, TraCCC authors Dr. Louise Shelley, Dr. Sally Stoecker, Dr. Beatrix Siman Zakhari, and Olga Pishulina presented a panel discussion in promotion of their book Human Traffic and Transnational Crime: Eurasian and American Perspectives (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005). The event was held in the Butler Board Room on the American University Main Campus.Human Traffic and Transnational Crime, brings together TraCCC-sponsored American, Ukrainian and Russian scholars to provide the first in-depth, scholarly study of human trafficking in and from Russia and Ukraine. Using case materials, interviews and field research they address the motivations, perceptions and reactions to this contemporary form of human slavery in their countries.
On February 2, TraCCC sponsored an event at American University entitled, “After the Election: Insights on Recent Events in Ukraine.” Presentations were made by Olga Pishulina, visiting Fulbright Scholar to TraCCC who works at the National Institute for Strategic Studies in Kyiv, and Dr. Viktor Dryomin, Director of the TraCCC Regional Research Center on Organized Crime in Odessa, and Chair of the Criminology Department at the National Legal Academy in Odessa.”Ukrainian Elections: Our Expectations and Our Fears” (MS PPT)”The Impact of Organized Crime and Corruption on the Political and Legal Situation in Ukraine” (MS PPT)
On December 3, Jongsoon Jin, PhD candidate in public administration at American University, defended his dissertation, entitled “Corruption and the Time Horizon of Politicians.”
On December 1, TraCCC hosted a book signing eventfor Human Traffic and Transnational Crime: Eurasian and American Perspectives edited by D. Sally Stoecker and Dr. Louise Shelley (Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield) at the Trover Book Shop, 221 Pennsylvania Ave. SE Washington D.C. 20003.
Also on December 1,TraCCC co-sponsored a conference with Freedom House entitled “Corruption in Russia and the Challenge of Terrorism”, at 1201 Connecticut Avenue, N. W., Washington, D.C.