Routledge Series

Disengaging from Terrorism – Lessons from the Turkish Penitents by Dr. Kamil Yilmaz, 2014

This book examines what motivates individuals to terrorism, how they participate, why they become disillusioned, and the difficult process of disengagements from both the PKK and leftist terrorist groups. It also discusses how individuals can be encouraged to move away from terrorism, and how states can construct repentance mechanisms and protection mechanisms to assist with this.

The book chronicles the stories of thirteen people who moved away from terrorist activity in Turkey, and puts context to their support of a Kurdish state. Purchase

 

Labour Migration, Human Trafficking and Multinational Corporations: The Commodification of Illicit Flows
Edited by Ato Quayson, Antonela Arhin, 2012

Although much literature on human trafficking focuses on sex trafficking, a great deal of human trafficking results from migrant workers, compelled – by economic deprivation in their home countries – to seek better life opportunities abroad, especially in agriculture, construction and domestic work. Such labour migration is sometimes legal and well managed, but sometimes not so – with migrant workers frequently threatened or coerced into entering debt bondage arrangements and ending up working in forced labour situations producing goods for illicit markets. This book fills a substantial gap in the existing literature given that labour trafficking is a much more subtle form of exploitation than sex trafficking. It discusses how far large multinational corporations are involved, whether intentionally or unintentionally, in human trafficking for the purposes of labour exploitation. They explore how far corporations are driven to seek cheap labour by the need to remain commercially competitive and examine how the problem often lies with corporations’ subcontractors, who are not as well controlled as they might be. The essays in the volume also outline and
assess measures being taken by governments and international agencies to eradicate the problem. Purchase Coupon!

 

Human Security, Transnational Crime, and Human Trafficking Edited by Shiro Okubo and Louise Shelley, 2011

In recent years, drug use, illegal migration and human trafficking have all become more common in Asia, North America and Asia: the problems of organized crime and human trafficking are no longer confined to operating at the traditional regional level. This book fills a gap in the current literature by examining transnational crime, human trafficking and its implications for human security from both Western and Asian perspectives. The book:

    • Provides an outline of the overall picture of organized crime and human trafficking in the contemporary world, examining the current trends and recent developments
    • contrasts the experience and perception of these problems in Asia with those in the West, by analyzing the distinctive Japanese perspective on globalization, human security and transnational crime
    • examines the policy responses of key states and international institutions in Germany, Canada, the United States, the European Union, Japan, and Korea.

This book argues that any effort to combat these crimes requires a response that addresses the welfare of human beings alongside the standard criminal law response. It represents a timely analysis of the increasingly serious problems of transnational crime, human trafficking and security. Purchase

 

Irregular Migration from the Former Soviet Union to the United States By Saltanat Liebert. 2009

In recent years immigration has become a topic of heated debate in many Western countries: the estimated number of undocumented immigrants in the United States has reached 11 million, precipitating a new legislative focus on reforming the immigration system, culminating in the highly controversial Border Protection, Antiterrorism, and Illegal Immigration Control Act passed by the House of Representatives in 2005 but eventually “killed” in the Senate. This book examines all these issues, discussing the reasons for migration, the profile of the migrants, how the process of migration works and how the migrants obtain their U.S. visas, where they work once in the United States and their intentions with regards to their possible return home. This book explores the reality of post-Soviet migration where the mostly well-educated former professionals end up in low-wage unskilled jobs as domestic workers, child care givers, and construction workers, sometimes in exploitative labor situations. Overall, this book provides a detailed account of post-Soviet illegal migration to the United States, focusing in particular on Central Asian and Georgian migrants, and will be of interest to scholars of US politics as well as Russia, Central Asia,and the Caucasus specialists. Purchase

Human Trafficking and Human Security Edited by Anna Jonsson. 2008

Human trafficking, and the related problems of organised crime and prostitution, has become a serious problem for post-Soviet countries since the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Human trafficking has a major impact on the countries of origin, the destination countries and the countries of transit, and is a concern for those studying population and migration, economics, politics, international relations and security studies. This book examines human trafficking from post-Soviet countries, exploring the full extent of the problem and discussing countermeasures, both local and at the global level, and considering the problem in all its aspects. It focuses in particular on the experiences of the Baltic Sea region, setting out the nature of organised crime and the full range of threats against society. Purchase

Russia’s Battle with Crime, Corruption and Terrorism Edited by Robert Orttung, Anthony Latta. 2008

This book examines Russia’s attempts to tackle the challenges of the new and increasing security threats of rising crime, corruption and terrorism that it has experienced since the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991. It demonstrates the close links between the rising drug trade, border problems, migration issues, organised crime, corruption and terrorism.

Uncovering information not seen before by Western audiences, this book:

  • shows how Russia’s porous borders have facilitated the operation of transnational crime groups
  • explores the specific features that make particular regions such as Siberia important for the drug trade and other forms of smuggling, analysing the character of the different criminal groups and networks, and investigating the informal links and collusion between these organizations and police officials
  • considers the operation of corrupt practices in the military sector, one of the most closed parts of the economy
  • analyzes the ways in which Russia is fighting crime, corruption and terrorism, and the implications for civil liberties
  • argues that the extensive flows of illegal immigrants into Russia are creating ever more fertile grounds for corruption, crime and terrorism, while the immigrants themselves are often the victims of this crime. Purchase

“…’several carefully crafted analyses of the acute problems of corruption, organized crime, and terrorism in Russia . . . [that are based on] extensive new and original empirical data that is not available elsewhere’. By inviting Russian 1012 Slavic Review scholars with substastantial research skills to contribute to this volume, the editors make good on their promise. ”  Christoph Stefes 2008, p. 1011-1012, Slavic Review, Vol. 68, No. 4 (Winter, 2009)

 

Organized Crime and Corruption in Georgia Edited by Louise Shelley, Erik R. Scott, Anthony Latta. 2007

Georgia is one of the most corrupt and crime-ridden nations of the former Soviet Union. In the Soviet period, Georgians played a major role in organized crime groups and the shadow economy operating throughout the Soviet Union, and in the post-Soviet period, Georgia continues to be important source of international crime and corruption. Important changes have been made since the Rose Revolution in Georgia to address the organized crime and pervasive corruption.

This book, based on extensive original research, surveys the most enduring aspects of organized crime and corruption in Georgia and the most important reforms since the Rose Revolution. Endemic crime and corruption had a devastating effect on government and everyday life in Georgia, spurring widespread popular discontent that culminated with the Rose Revolution in 2003. Some of the hopes of the Rose Revolution have been realized, though major challenges lie ahead as Georgia confronts deep-seated crime and corruption issues that will remain central to political, economic, and social life in the years to come. Purchase

“Walking around in Tbilisi, the average visitor most likely will not notice anything of what Shelley et al. described in this well-informed book. The extreme hospitality of the Georgians camouflages their daily struggle with organised crime and corruption and actually gives the city – and the rest of this beautiful country – a very friendly face. Shelly et al. have delivered a remarkable book that gives scholarly insight into some crucial aspects of Georgian society, which help to explain the practicalities of corruption and organised crime under these circumstances.” Ludo Block 2008, p.280-282, Global Crime Vol.9 no.3 (2008)

 

Russian Business Power, The Role of Russian Business in Foreign and Security Relations Edited by Andreas Wenger, Robert Orttung, Jeronim Perovic. 2006

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia has developed a powerful business community and a potent network of transnational organized groups.

Russian Business Power explores the powerful impact these new actors are having on the evolution of the Russian state and its foreign behaviour. Unlike other books, which focus either on Russia’s foreign and security policy, or on the evolution of Russian business, legal and illegal, within the context of Russia’s domestic transition, this book considers how far Russia’s foreign and security policy is shaped by business. It considers a wide range of issues, including energy, the arms trade, international drug flows, and human trafficking, and examines the impact of Russian business in Russia’s dealings with Western and Eastern Europe, the Caspian, the Caucasus and the Far East. Purchase